The builders of the pyramids were neither slaves nor foreigners, but by Egyptians who lived in villages developed and overseen by the pharaoh’s supervisors. The builders’ villages boasted bakers, butchers, brewers, granaries, houses, cemeteries, and probably even some sorts of health-care facilities—there is evidence of laborers surviving crushed or amputated limbs. Bakeries excavated near the Great Pyramids could have produced thousands of loaves of bread every week. One believes that about 20,000 to 30,000 workers built the Pyramids at Giza over 80 years. The pyramids of Egypt are the inheritance left by the pharaohs, a sign of complete power, together with the tombs, the place for their life after death.
In order to guard the pharaoph together with his richness, there were built huge tombs, not necessarily pyramids. Before the pyramids, tombs were carved into bedrock and topped by flat-roofed structures called mastabas. Mounds of dirt, in turn, sometimes topped the structures. Pharaoh Djoser’s Step Pyramid at Saqqara began as a traditional, flat-roofed mastaba. But by the end of his 19-year reign, in 2611 B.C., it had risen to six stepped layers and stood 204 feet (62 meters) high. It was the largest building of its time. Extensive use of stone—here and there carved to resemble wood, reeds, or other softer materials—made the tomb more durable than its mud-brick forebears. Such pioneering techniques led many ancient historians to credit the chief architect, Imhotep, with inventing stone architecture. The Step Pyramid complex was enclosed by a 30-foot (10-meter) wall and included courtyards, temples, and chapels covering nearly 40 acres (16 hectares)—the size of a large town in the third millennium B.C.
Before setting off, here is some information that might prove useful:
The Giza pyramids Plateau opens at 08:00 Am and closes at 1700
Winter times are ( 8:00 — 16:30).
Ramdan times are ( 8:00 –15:00)
Entrance ticket to the site cost – 60. LE
Entrance to the Solar Boat Museum – 40LE
Entrance to Khufu’s Pyramid – 100LE
Entrance to Khafree’s Pyramid – 20LE