Photo Documentary of Hiroshima

Hiroshima was the first to be attacked by the atomic bomb, on the 6th of August, 1945. Hiroshima was a town of industrial and military significance and it hosted headquarters of the Fifth Division and Field Marshal Shunroku Hata’s 2nd General Army Headquarters, which commanded the defense of all of southern Japan. The 393d Bombardment Squadron B-29 Enola Gay, piloted and commanded by 509th Composite Group commander Colonel Paul Tibbets, was launched from North Field airbase on Tinian in the West Pacific, about six hours flight time from Japan.

Firestorm in Hiroshima
Firestorm in Hiroshima


Hiroshima Bombing
Hiroshima Bombing

The Enola Gay (named after Colonel Tibbets’ mother) was accompanied by two other B29s. The Great Artiste, commanded by Major Charles W. Sweeney, carried instrumentation; and a then-nameless aircraft later called Necessary Evil (the photography aircraft) was commanded by Captain George Marquardt. The release at 08:15 (Hiroshima time) went as planned, and the gravity bomb known as “Little Boy”, a gun-type fission weapon with 60 kilograms (130 lb) of uranium-235, took 57 seconds to fall from the aircraft to the predetermined detonation height about 600 metres (2,000 ft) above the city.

Hiroshima destroyed
Hiroshima destroyed

Hiroshima Image
Hiroshima Image

Hiroshima Map
Hiroshima Map

70,000–80,000 people, or some 30% of the population of Hiroshima were killed immediately, and another 70,000 injured. Over 90% of the doctors and 93% of the nurses in Hiroshimawere killed or injured—most had been in the downtown area which received the greatest damage. The population of Hiroshima had reached a peak of over 381,000 earlier in the war, but prior to the atomic bombing the population had steadily decreased because of a systematic evacuation ordered by the Japanese government. At the time of the attack the population was approximately 340,000-350,000. Because official documents were burned, the exact population is uncertain.
Hiroshima Ruins
Hiroshima Ruins


Street in Hiroshima
Street in Hiroshima

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