Nature has many times proved that it holds our lives in its hands. All great natural disasters stand as prove for the previous statement. Thousands of human lives were lost, together with their goods. What has caused this hell on Earth? What are the most significant disasters humankind has recorded by now? Earthquakes, floods, tsunamis all sound familiar when we are talking about this phenomena in theory. But there have been very many people who were directly affected by the unfortunate consequences of this “terror”. Some survived, others not. But the pain and feeling of loneliness for those who were left without anything but theirselves, this became something certain. Below there is a list of the greates natural human disasters in the last centuries.
1. The Antioch Earthquake in Antakya, Turkey recorded about 260,000 deaths.
2. Bhola Cyclone, that took place in Bangladesh in 1970 struck West Bengal and killed around 500,000 people, that is arounf 45% of the island population.
3. Another significant cyclone was India Cyclone, which killed 300,000 people in 1839.
4. Aleppo Earthquake, also called “the fourth worst Earthquake of all time” was indeed a disastruous phenomena, which killed 230,000 people and completely destroyed the town of Aleppo. However, the worst hit area was Harim, where Crusaders had built a large citadel.
5. Floods are visibly a certain thing when spring comes or even during the hot season. However, Yellow River Flood in China is known to have killed more than a million people.
6. Until 1931, China was again a territory ruled by floods, which continued killing between 2 and 4 million people, let alone the 100 million of people, who were considerably affected by this great natural disaster.
7. Another flood – Nina Banqiao Dam – (306 mm (12 inches) rainfall per day) made very many victims in 1975 in China, when more than 230,000 people died after a rainfall which lasted about 24 hours. When the dam finally burst, it caused a large wave, which was 10 kilometers (6 miles) wide, 3-7 meters (9-23 feet) high.
8. China is the unfortunate place on Earth where most greatest natural disasters occurred. Shaanxi Earthquake is one of them. It took place in 1556, and its negative consequeces were compare to those of a nuclear bomb. It led to cracks in the ground.
9. In 1976 another horrifying earthquake – The Tangshan Earthquake, considered to be the third deadliest Earthquake of all time – took place in China, too. The earthquake was 7.8 on the Richter scale and evidence show that there were about 250,000 victims.
10. Tsunamis are also associated with great natural disasters which take place in the whole world. All of us remember for sure about the Indian Ocean Tsunami (or Sumatra-Andaman earthquake) in 2004. The Earthquake itself registered 9.3 on the Richter scale, and is the second largest ever recorded on a seismograph. The earthquake triggered a series of devastating tsunamis along the coasts. Donations for the survivors affected by the Indian Ocean Tsunami were rapidly gathered from the entire world, let alone the more than 250,000 victims.
Natural disasters are the consequences of natural hazards, which lead to thousands of victims.